PORTS

 

Our port and harbor engineers work closely with our colleagues within other sectors of Halkin Group, particularly those in environmental, geotechnical, road, rail, buildings, power, oil and gas, and infrastructure services infrastructure. This allows us to deliver a one-stop fully coordinated service to our clients, regardless of the complexity of the proposed development. Our maritime consultants can provide the full range of services necessary to deliver the development of modern and efficient port and harbor facilities.

Our experience encompasses the planning, engineering, and construction supervision of all types of port facilities including container terminals, ro-ro berths, facilities for coal, oil, gas and dry bulk, fishing ports and cruise terminals, shipyards, and dockyards. Our solutions cover the logistics supply chain from ports and harbors, to railroads, highways, bridges, and tunnels. In addition to multimodal expertise, our capabilities meet a variety of marine, port, and material handling needs from berths and facilities, container and cruise terminals, to commodity bulk and breakbulk facilities, and small-craft harbors.

We also bring strong functional expertise in environmental planning and coastal engineering, including permitting, dredging and dredge material disposal and reuse, land use planning, reclamation, and brownfield development.

We offer a number of value-added conventional project delivery mechanisms such as construction and program management, as well as engineering procurement construction management (EPCM) and asset management program development.

Services undertaken include these:

  • Master planning and terminal planning
  • Navigational assessment and design
  • Environmental assessment
  • Conceptual design
  • Planning consents and licensing
  • Consultation
  • Numerical and physical modeling
  • Ship maneuvering simulation
  • Detailed engineering design
  • Procurement of contracts
  • Contract administration
  • Supervision of construction
  • Handover of completed projects
 
 

Breakwaters

 
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Halkin Group collaborates closely with our clients to deliver cost-effective and sustainable port solutions, selecting the best location, layout, and configuration of breakwaters to create ideal harbor conditions

Our coastal engineers employ traditional approaches to breakwater design, supplemented by numerical modeling and (where necessary) physical modeling to plan and optimize breakwater layout and configuration. We maintain an up-to-date knowledge of design developments in the use of rubble mound, berm-type and reef breakwater techniques and in the use of concrete armor units.

Many of our projects include the numerical modeling of waves and the study of harbor disturbance to determine the optimum orientation and the design parameters for the breakwater and to assess downtime for operations of the terminals due to the sea conditions within the harbor. Our application of the latest modeling techniques, using our in-house MIKE 21 technology, guides our recommendations on breakwater and quay alignment and design, and dredging and reclamation needs.

Dredging reclamation

 
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Many port facilities are constructed on reclaimed land. Nearly all developments require dredging to meet navigational requirements. We have major experience in dredging and reclamation projects, and are skilled in balancing various requirements to achieve best value for money and to minimize environmental impacts.

Our projects have included creation of new navigation channels or deepening of existing channels, port basins and vessel turning circles, trenches for tunnels and pipelines, and creation of new land areas for various forms of infrastructure development. We regularly employ in-house navigational software to minimize and optimize dredging layouts. Our reclamation techniques depend on the type of natural materials found at the site, and we have successfully employed soil replacement, soil strengthening, vertical drains and surcharging, and deep compaction techniques to provide reclaimed land that meets the required engineering capabilities.

Environmental considerations are becoming increasingly important. We are experienced in developing projects in consultation with environmental agencies and in using techniques that will minimize environmental impact and provide a unique and sustainable solution.

Some of our key services in dredging and reclamation projects include these:

  • Feasibility studies
  • License applications
  • Planning and design
  • Numerical and physical modeling
  • Environmental impact assessment
  • Contract documentation
  • Plant and equipment specifications
  • Budget pricing
  • Project evaluation
  • Contract supervision
  • Project monitoring and auditing
  • Expert testimony
  • Dispute resolution

Port design and improvement

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Ports must be flexible to accommodate the continual change in the transport systems with which they interface. Over recent decades, the need for greater efficiencies in the shipping industry has grown – driving up the sizes of container and dry bulk ships in particular.

For key ports to remain competitive, they have to accommodate and handle ever-increasing ship size with the associated size increase in ship-to-shore cranes, internal operating equipment, and increased capacities at port gates.

Our engineers have been actively engaged with port authorities to develop engineering solutions that allow existing quays, wharves, and jetties to be upgraded to receive vessels larger than those for which they were originally designed, in addition to supporting the enhanced ship-to-shore handling equipment.

Such enhancement of operational equipment extends throughout the on-terminal area to transfer systems and stacking and storage areas. Upgrading has also included the widening and deepening of port approach channels, vessel turning areas, and alongside depths at the berths.

Looking toward the future

Future expansion, flexibility, and sustainability are key criteria adopted in our designs for new facilities. Life-cycle considerations form important considerations in our optioneering work.

In many cases, port operators wish to take larger vessels onto berths without berth enhancement. Our engineers, using previous experience and working knowledge of the design standards, can provide advice on safe operational practices.

Port facilities are regularly subjected to upgraded environmental control measures and goals. Our environmental specialists can advise on how to improve operations to meet enhanced requirements, and can devise good practice environmental management plans for port operations.

Recent changes in legislation have led to enhanced requirements for port security, in accordance with ISPS requirements. Halkin Group engineers have experience of applying these standards in practice for both new ports and to upgrade existing systems.

 

Port planning

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Planning port and marine development requires extensive studies at the front end of the project to ensure every aspect of the project has been addressed for both its commercial and technical feasibility.

We have the capability to provide all of these front-end consulting services:

  • Market studies
  • Demand and traffic forecasting
  • Intermodal transport studies
  • Optioneering studies
  • Capital and operational cost determination
  • Business plan studies
  • Investment appraisal
  • Prefeasibility and feasibility studies
  • Master planning
  • Financial economic appraisal
  • Efficiency improvement

As a multidisciplinary firm, our planners can bring together expertise and experience in a number of related sectors that are essential in port planning: road and rail infrastructure interface and intermodal transfer, power supply and utility services, buildings and warehousing, urban planning, environmental impact and management and public-private partnerships.

Where appropriate, we use 3D modeling techniques as concept planning tools. These tools are effective in resolving interfaces but also invaluable in presenting proposals to nontechnical stakeholders.

Terminals and facilities

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We can provide the full range of services necessary to deliver modern and efficient port terminals, from accommodating the latest generation of cargo ships to the efficient handling and dispatch of cargo.

Our experience encompasses the planning, engineering and construction supervision of container terminals, ro-ro terminals, and import and export terminals for dry bulk (coal, ore, grain) and liquid bulk (oil and gas), and cruise and ferry terminals.

Our port engineers work closely with other disciplines within Halkin Group to ensure a fully efficient and logistical transfer system from ship to storage yard or terminal, and to facilitate efficient intermodal transfer to road or rail.

ome of our key services include these:

  • Berth sizing and layout
  • Ship-to-shore cranes, loaders, and unloaders
  • Planning of onshore areas
  • Equipment selection and layouts
  • Stacking and storage areas
  • Drainage and utility services
  • Security and IT facilities
  • Environmental impact assessment
  • Road and rail sidings and transfer facilities